Biomass energy has many potential uses and is rapidly becoming very popular in the alternative energy arena. It can be defined as any source that contains carbon in its composition and is obtained by means of an biomass energy process such as burning or digestion of a material. Biomass is commonly made from vegetable and animal matter such as wood, crops, residues from forestry and agricultural, organic materials from municipal and private waste, it can also be carbon dioxide that is released by landfills, and petrochemical wastes. There are many forms of biomass energy including wood chips, hemp, crop residues, waste oils and sewage.
The primary uses of biomass energy are to replace fossil fuels for electricity and heat generation and to provide fuel for the operation and management of the generators. In the case of wood, this can be accomplished through the process of burning. Biomass is basically a carbon based substance and there are several processes that it goes through to break down into carbon dioxide and oxygen. Wood chips, for example, can be used to create short term wood energy that can be stored in a generator. It can then be used when needed.
generators and heat exchangers
There are also several drawbacks in converting biomass to other forms of renewable energy. For one, certain types of wood and certain types of grain may not biodegrade because they contain high amounts of tannic acid. This acid is produced through microbial processes and is a byproduct of the carbon dioxide released during the burning of wood. Also, some plants release large amounts of methane that can be trapped by covering up the soil that these food crops grow in. However, researchers managed to improve the efficiency of some biogas plants by finding ways to increase its use of plant nutrients and reducing the amount of carbon dioxide released.
ways of using biomass
One of the most popular ways of using biomass as a renewable source of energy is through burning it on a pyritic forest. Black liquor forests are communities that rely mainly on black liquor as their primary fuel, with others including larch, hemlock and sultana wood for supporting the fire. These forested communities have been recognized around the world as carbon sinks. They store carbon dioxide in their soils and make sure that the concentrations are kept low enough that plant growth is not adversely affected. As a result, biochar has been made from the residues left by the trees burning.
Biomass can also be used to create electricity through the burning of biomass pellets. Biomass pellets are made from waste material like wood and agricultural produce. The pellets are then compressed, which creates a solid energy that is then transferred to a series of wheels and is usually stored in an underground mine. With this method of creating energy, no carbon content is lost, and biomass can be reused over again.